The Myopia control Clinic at Narayana Nethralaya was established with the goal to “Flatten the myopia curve”
The Myopia control clinic is equipped with facilities for screening, diagnosing and controlling myopia progression in a holistic and customised manner. We also intend to identify children at risk of developing myopia in future with the use of latest technology & recent advances in myopia management.
Refractive errors like myopia are one of the leading causes of avoidable blindness in the world.
Myopia Symptom Checker
Older children usually complain of the inability to see distant objects and difficulty in recognizing letters on signboards at a distance or copying notes from the board in classroom. They can also complain of headaches, eye strain or fatigue.
Toddlers and pre-school children can be challenging when it comes to detection of myopia.
As a parent you may notice your child
WHY IS MY CHILD NEAR-SIGHTED?
WHAT ARE THE COMPLICATIONS OF MYOPIA AND WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO CONTROL MYOPIA PROGRESSION?
Uncorrected myopia can affect the quality of life of the child. It can result in eye strain and headache because of the constant need to focus on objects and maintain the focus.
Younger the age at which a child becomes myopic, the faster it tends to progress, leading to higher levels of myopia eventually.
As myopia progresses, there is excessive growth of the eyeball which can cause various complications like development of weak areas in the retina (myopic retinal degenerations), cataract and glaucoma, which if left untreated can result in loss of vision.
Therefore, myopia management strategy needs to be started as early as possible.
HOW DO WE CONTROL PROGRESSION OF MYOPIA?
Identifying children with myopic tendency and early detection of myopia by means of frequent eye check-ups is mandatory.
Once myopia is detected, timely intervention is a must as uncorrected myopia by itself can sometimes cause progression.
There are various measures to control myopia progression. Specialized spectacle lenses, low-dose atropine eye drops and orthokeratology where in contact lenses are to be worn at night and removed in the morning are some of the measures.
It must be kept in mind these measures are implemented in addition to the use of spectacles or contact lenses.
In addition, lifestyle modifications like maintaining visual hygiene and outdoor activities in daylight is highly recommended.
What is Myopia?
Myopia, also known as short sightedness or near sightedness, is a condition where distant objects appear blurred while near vision remains clear
What causes Myopia?
It occurs when the eyeball is longer than the normal length or when the cornea (black portion of the eye) is too curved. This makes the rays of light to focus in front of the retina instead of focusing on it resulting in a blurred image.
What makes Myopia worse?
Myopia tends to get worse each year as the eyes grow longer
Several factors can decide who gets myopia and how he/she worsens every year. Both genetic/ hereditary factors & Lifestyle related factors influence myopia. It is said to be caused due to a complex interaction between these factors.
A child is at a higher risk of developing myopia if the parents or siblings are myopic too (i.e., genetic factor).
The lifestyle and habits of a child can worsen myopia. Limited outdoor time, limited exposure to daylight, holding books close to face, reading in dim light and long hours of near activity like watching videos or gaming can be responsible for the onset and worsening of myopia.
How can myopia affect a child’s life?
Uncorrected myopia can affect the quality of life of a child. It can result in eye strain and headache because of the constant need to focus on objects and maintain the focus.
Young children may simply not take interest in outdoor activities and it may also affect how a child performs at school.
Can myopia affect vision permanently?
Myopia within certain limits may not cause any serious damage to the eye
However, as myopia worsens, serious complications may develop including development of weak areas in the retina (myopic retinal degenerations, retinal detachments), cataract and glaucoma, which if left untreated can result in permanent loss of vision
Just the way a balloon gets thinner as it is blown bigger and stretches, a myopic eye may develop weak areas in retina as the layers of the eye stretch.
How is myopia corrected?
There are various treatment options for myopia.
For a long time, myopia has been corrected with use of glasses or contact lens which enables a child to see clearly.
Recently, specialized glasses and contact lenses which can control the worsening of myopia in addition to providing clear vision have been developed.
Will my child be able to get rid of glasses in future?
Yes. This is possible after the child turns 18-20 years of age through laser refractive correction procedures provided the child’s eye is found suitable for the procedure.
How can we slow down myopia or stop it from getting worse?
Bad lifestyle and unhealthy reading habits can worsen myopia.
Likewise healthy lifestyle and good reading habits can help in slowing down the progression of myopia
Outdoor activities in daylight for 2 or more hours per day, holding books at least 16 inches away from the eyes, taking intermittent breaks while reading, studying in a well-lit room, and minimizing the use of digital devices are some of the ways one can prevent or keep a check on worsening of myopia
There are various scientifically proven ways of slowing down myopia
The optical measures include use of specialized spectacle lenses or contact lenses.
- Specialized spectacle lenses: These are spectacle lenses which can slow down myopia. They can be Progressive lenses/ Bifocals/ DIMS: Defocus incorporated multiple segments
- Specialized contact lens
- Ortho-k contact lenses. These contact lenses are custom made according to the size and shape of each child’s eye to be worn at night and removed in the morning after which one can see even distance clearly even without the use of CL.
- Defocus incorporated soft Contact lens. These are contact lenses meant for constant use throughout the day
- Atropine eyedrops used in low dose has been proven to keep myopia from worsening
What are the lifestyle recommendations to help control progression of myopia?
Teaching good visual habits like holding the reading material 14 inches away from the eyes, reading in a well-lit room, sitting upright while reading and taking frequent breaks while reading is mandatory. Behavioral interventions like encouraging the child to go outdoors for at least 2 hours daylight forms an integral part of lifestyle modification a child with myopia.